17/03/23

A weekly show where knowledge junkies get their fix of trivia-tastic information. This week, John takes a look at some of the fascinating, and often lethal, history of makeup!

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Intro

  • Which items of make up do you use most often? If any ;)

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Watch

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Glossary

  • lethal – sufficient to cause death
  • in accordance with – in agreement with
  • paste – a thick, soft, moist substance typically produced by mixing dry ingredients with a liquid
  • BCE – Before the Common Era
  • noble – belonging by rank, title, or birth to the aristocracy
  • zit – a spot on the skin
  • seduce – entice (someone) into sexual activity
  • follow in sb’s footsteps – to succeed or imitate another person
  • dye – a natural or synthetic substance used to add a colour to or change the colour of something
  • mogul – an important or powerful person, especially in the film or media industry
  • bootcamp – a military training camp for new recruits, with very harsh discipline

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Think about it

Answer the questions below.

  • What did lipstick indicate in the Roman Republic?
  • What were the similarities between ancient Romans and Egyptians?
  • Who can be credited with first using Henna for cosmetic purposes?
  • What substances were used to apply color to the nails? What was the “color code” behind it?
  • Who was Al-Zahrawi?
  • What happened in England in 1770?
  • What did Max Factor invent?
  • What happened in the US in 1938?
  • Who used to be penalised for not wearing make-up?
  • When and where was the first Sephora store opened? How was it different from all the other stores at that time?

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Practice makes perfect

Fill in the blank spaces with the correct forms of the words in CAPITAL LETTERS.

Cosmetics, also known as make-up, are substances or products used to ________ ENHANCEMENT or ________ ALTERNATIVE the ________ APPEAR or ________ FRAGRANT of the body. Many cosmetics are designed for use of applying to the face and hair. They are generally mixtures of ________ CHEMISTRY compounds; some being derived from ________ NATURE sources (such as coconut oil), and some being synthetics. Common cosmetics include lipstick, mascara, eye shadow, foundation, rouge, skin cleansers and skin lotions, shampoo, hairstyling products (gel, hair spray, etc.), perfume and cologne.

In the U.S., the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which regulates cosmetics, ________ DEFINITION cosmetics as “intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, ________ BEAUTY, promoting ________ ATTRACTION, or altering the ________ APPEAR without affecting the body’s structure or functions”. This broad definition includes any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. The FDA specifically ________ EXCLUSION soap from this category.

From Wikipedia. Click here for answers.

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Fill in the blank spaces with the words in bold. Each word can only be used once.

glow    –    coat    –    applied      –    blended    –    exaggerated    –    enhances    –    toenails      –    accentuate    –    contouring    –    eyelids    –    lashline     –    shadow

  • Eye ________ is a pigmented powder/cream or substance used to ________ the eye area, traditionally on above and under the ________. Many colours may be used at once and ________ together to create different effects. This is conventionally applied with a range of eyeshadow brushes though it isn’t uncommon for alternative methods of application to be used.
  • Bronzer gives skin a bit of color by adding a golden or bronze ________ and highlighting the cheekbones, as well as being used for ________. Bronzer is considered to be more of a natural look and can be used for an everyday wear. Bronzer ________ the color of the face while adding more of a shimmery look. It comes in either matte, semi matte/satin, or shimmer finishes.
  • Nail polish is used to color the fingernails and ________. Transparent, colorless versions may strengthen nails or as a top or base ________ to protect the nail or polish.
  • False eyelashes are used when ________ eyelashes are desired. Their basic design usually consists of human hair or synthetic materials attached to a thin cloth-like band, which is ________ with glue to the ________. Designs vary in length and color. Rhinestones, gems, and even feathers and lace occur on some false eyelash designs.

From Wikipedia. Click here for answers.

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